Rabu, Disember 29, 2010

AFF Cup : Harimau Juara !!!!!

JAKARTA: Malaysia has won the AFF-Suzuki Cup on a 4-2 aggregate. Indonesia won the second leg of the final 2-1 in Jakarta on Wednesday night while Malaysia had won the first leg 3-0 in Kuala Lumpur on Sunday.
The scorers for Indonesia were Mohammad Ridwan (87th minute) and Mohammad Nasuha (71st). Safee Sali had scored in the 53rd minute to put Malaysia 1-0 in the lead.
It was a significant success for Malaysia as the last time the senior national team became champions in a regional competition was at the 1989 SEA Games in Kuala Lumpur.
Malaysian football fans celebrate our team's victory during the live telecast at Dataran Merdeka.
It was also the first time in the AFF Championships since 1996 that Malaysia has become champions.
To make it a grand night for Malaysia, Safee won the Golden Boot award with five goals to his name. The striker was on target twice in the first leg.
Malaysia started with the same line-up that was fielded in the first leg, except for midfielder Mohd Amirulhadi Zainal and right-back Mahali Jasuli, who were suspended. The duo were replaced by Mohd Ashaari Shamsuddin and Mohd Sabree Abu respectively.
The Indonesians were without their inspirational flanker Okto Maniani, who was also out on suspension while striker Yongky Ari Bowo was out with an injury. Their replacements were Arif Suyono and Irfan Bachdim respectively.
Malaysian football fans celebrate at a restaurant in Petaling Jaya after Safee Sali scored the opening goal in the second leg of the AFF Suzuki Cup final.- AZMAN GHANI / The Star
As expected, Indonesia came charging from the starting whistle but the Malaysian defence led by Mohd Muslim Ahmad and Mohd Fadhli Shas did well to keep a tight leash on Indonesian dangermen Christian Gonzales and Irfan Bachdim.
But a lapse of concentration inside the box resulted in Indonesia winning a penalty in the 15th minute, when Mohd Sabree handled the ball.
However, much to the disappointment of the Indonesian fans, skipper Firman Utina’s tame kick was saved by Malaysian goalkeeper Khairul Fahmi Che Mat.
Malaysia's S. Kunalan challenges Indonesia's Mohammad Nasuha for the ball during the AFF Suzuki Cup final, second leg match at the Gelora Bung Karno Stadium in Jakarta, December 29, 2010. GLENN GUAN/The Star
The Indonesians, who were desperate for an early goal, kept on pressing for the opening goal but Khairul Fahmi proved to be a stumbling block, denying at least five attempts at goal before the half-time break.
Malaysia took the lead against the run of play in the 53rd minute, when Ashaari sent a long through ball for Safee to chase, and the Selangor hitman scored a clinical goal.
Despite being a goal down, Indonesia never gave up and their persistence paid off as defender Mohammad Nasuha pounced on a loose ball from goalkeeper Khairul’s save to hit the roof of the net in the 71st minute.
Police trucks enter the Gelora Bung Karno stadium before the start of the AFF Suzuki Cup 2010 final, second leg match in Jakarta, Indonesia, Wednesday.-GLENN GUAN/The Star
Then with the clock ticking away, Muhammad Ridwan scored from a goal-mouth melee in the 87th minute but this was not enough to deny Malaysia the AFF-Suzuki Cup.

RPK: Play It Again SAM

The MCLM was an attempt to continue the struggle for reforms outside the political party platform and this was something we started six years ago (in 2004) and before there was even an opposition coalition called Pakatan Rakyat (which was formed four years later in 2008).
THE CORRIDORS OF POWER

Raja Petra Kamarudin
The Star, Bernama, Utusan Malaysia and many Umno websites are going to town with the ‘news’ that I have turned my back on the opposition and am now whacking the opposition by saying that it is not fit to rule the country. 

Isnin, Disember 27, 2010

Research On Influencing Factors for Effective Community ICT Hubs

Research on Influencing Factors for Effective Community ICT Hubs, in World Applied Sciences Journal 11(1): 114-117, 2010.

By: Suzana Basaruddin, Haslinda Sutan Ahmad Nawi, Nur Syufiza Ahmad Shukor, Kamaruzman Jusoff, Nor Azah Jahari & Hamdan Saleh

Sponsored by SUK Selangor & UNISEL

For full text, please browse: The World Applied Sciences Jornal, http://idosi.org/wasj/wasj11(1)2010.htm

Ahad, Disember 26, 2010

AFF Tourney 2010 Final: The Young Harimau's journey continues

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

This is the first time for the past 8 years I wrote seriously about the Malaysian Football Team. The last time was a massive criticism to the FAM via their website.

Why? The past. The dreadful performance .... the massive losses to China (0-5), Uzbeks (1-5) as the host of Asian Cup. Losses to the minnows such as Laos, Phillipines (congrats to both team in this tourney!!!) and Palestine. I still remember when Phillipines won 1-0 in the SEA Games 10 years ago. To make it even worst, the Filipinos was then coached by a Malaysian. Still in the memory of the 0-6 losses to Indonesia also in the Brunei's SEA Games. The list of shames were long. 

Jumaat, Disember 24, 2010

Storm clouds may roll into Tenang skies

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

By FMT Staff
KUALA LUMPUR: The storm at the recently concluded parliamentary session, which saw the suspension of opposition Members of Parliament – including Opposition Leader Anwar Ibrahim – is likely to continue but this time at a different venue.
Political parties, from both sides of the fence, are expected to use the Tenang by-election to rattle the sleepy hollow with arguments for and against the suspension.
The Election Commission will meet today to fix the date for the country's 14th by-election since the 2008 general election. The by-election is held following the death of Barisan Nasional-Umno assemblyman Sulaiman Taha. The constituency is known to be a BN stronghold although the ruling coalition conquered the state constituency in Johor with a reduced majority in 2008 compared to the 2004 general election.

Selasa, Disember 14, 2010

History textbooks biased, say writers

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

by Zakiah Koya, The Sun History textbooks are biased and littered with errors, claim two authors and academicians. Dr Ranjit Singh Malhi and Ng How Kuen, who writes history textbooks for Chinese schools, say their experience with officialdom does not augur well for the teaching of history in our classrooms.
Ranjit, author of secondary school history textbooks since 1990, and adviser to the Ministry of Education (MOE) on history textbooks, said such material were littered with factual errors and distortions. He said that when he pointed out the errors and distortions, a ministry official labelled him “anti-national”.

Rabu, Disember 08, 2010

Selangor pusat pertarungan PRU 13

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP
Harakahdaily   
Sekiranya ada satu perkara terbesar yang mampu memberi kesan dramatik kepada Pakatan Rakyat menjelang Pilihan Raya Umum ke-13 yang dijangka ramai pada suku pertama tahun depan, isu itu ialah negeri Selangor.
Kaitan beberapa peristiwa kebelakangan ini menunjukkan hal ini, seperti demonstrasi kumpulan Umno dan penyokongnya di Istana Kayangan, di Shah Alam, Selangor Jumaat lalu, dakwaan terhadap bekas Menteri Besar Selangor Datuk Seri Dr Khir Toyo dan pelbagai isu dimainkan untuk memburukkan kerajaan Pakatan di Selangor.

Selasa, November 30, 2010

RPK to Pakatan : Stop groaning and start working

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP
Mendan : to all Pakatan leaders, do take note ... Its time to walk the talk. Some of you are in the government. Stop thinking like a 'pembangkang'. To others not in the government, at least think like an "opposition" not like a 'pembangkang'.


Back in 2008 I asked the five Pakatan Rakyat states, in particular Penang and Selangor, to introduce free Broadband services in the states they controlled. I personally spoke to the Pakatan Rakyat leaders and discussed the matter at great length with Lim Guan Eng and Ronnie Liu.
NO HOLDS BARRED
Raja Petra Kamarudin
There are those who resent it when I write articles not favourable to the opposition. What do you want to me to do? You want me to tell the emperor that he is wearing clothes when he is stark naked?
The question is: do you want me to tell you the truth or do you want me to lie and say only things you would like to hear? Have you not heard the saying that the truth hurts?
The argument they use is that we should not give the ruling party ammunition in which to use against the opposition. Hey, I am not creating the ammunition. The opposition is creating this ammunition. I am just pointing out that it exists and am drawing your attention to it. I can’t create what is not there. It is because it is there that I am able to point it out.
Umno and Barisan Nasional too lived in this denial syndrome back in 2007, just like how many in the opposition do today. And what happened? Umno and Barisan Nasional got whacked badly in the March 2008 general election.
Do you want Pakatan Rakyat also to get whacked in the next general election just like Barisan Nasional was in 2008? And if they adopt the same attitude as Barisan Nasional in 2007 then rest assured they will get whacked come the next general election.
Pakatan Rakyat, PKR and Anwar Ibrahim moan, groan, grumble, bitch and complain that they are being unfairly treated by the mainstream media. The mainstream media is spinning lies about Anwar and the opposition. So the opposition news agencies and Blogs should not throw fuel into the fire and do the same. The opposition news agencies and Blogs should instead say nice things about Anwar and the opposition.
Well, stop moaning and do something about it. As Lee Iacocca said: don’t get mad, get even.
Pakatan Rakyat has been running four (used to be five) state governments since the last 32 months. That’s roughly 1,000 days. 1,000 days! 1,000 days is a long time by any standards.
What has Pakatan Rakyat done over the last 1,000 days? Long ago we asked them to start a Malay language newspaper to reach the rural or Malay voters. Did they do that?
The Malay votes are split 50:50 -- has been since the last three general elections and has never changed much. Pakatan Rakyat knows it needs more Malay votes. And the mainstream media is poisoning the minds of the Malay voters and turning them against Pakatan Rakyat with talk about the Chinese calling the shots and about PKR and PAS being tools of DAP and so on.
But what has Pakatan Rakyat done to counter this? Where is the Malay language newspaper other than Harakah? There are currently four states under Pakatan Rakyat. So they can publish four Malay language newspapers if they want to -- and twice a week if they put their minds to it.
In 1,000 days they did nothing. No Malay language newspaper. In 1,000 days they just grumbled about the mainstream media and about how unfairly Pakatan Rakyat is being treated.
Back in 2008 I asked the five Pakatan Rakyat states, in particular Penang and Selangor, to introduce free Broadband services in the states they controlled. I personally spoke to the Pakatan Rakyat leaders and discussed the matter at great length with Lim Guan Eng and Ronnie Liu.
Where is that free Broadband?
Penang and Selangor are urban states. The Internet penetration in these states is very high. The urban population of Penang and Selangor are Internet savvy. They read the Blogs more than Berita Harian, Utusan Malaysia, The Star or the New Straits Times.
Okay, Berita Harian, Utusan Malaysia, The Star and the New Straits Times are unfairly whacking the opposition. So fight back. Reach the voters through the Internet. Give free Broadband to the voters of Penang and Selangor so that they can access the Internet.
The Internet service provider is prepared to do this free of charge. Penang and Selangor do not need to pay them anything. You do not need to spend the taxpayers’ money to do it. Just agree to it and it will be done.
But, no, they dragged their feet for 1,000 days. Then they grumble about RTM, TV3, Berita Harian, Utusan Malaysia, The Star and the New Straits Times. Then they grumble that Malaysia Today is being too critical towards the opposition.
Counter me then. Provide your own media and free Broadband and counter what I say. Why grumble and ask me to stop criticising the opposition? Fight me. Come out with your own news agencies and provide it free to the voters -- like how I am doing.
No, I will not stop criticising the opposition. This is because I want to see the opposition succeed. This is because I do not want to see Selangor go back to Umno like how Perak did. This is because I do not want them to live in denial syndrome. And if they can’t take this criticism then too bad. If Anwar wants to hate me for this then that is his problem, not mine.
The day I stop whacking the opposition or stop talking about them is the sign that I no longer care about them. My silence would be worse than my bark. And my bite can be even worse than my bark. Trust me on that one.

Khamis, November 18, 2010

Pimpinan KEADILAN Perlu Teliti Semula Proses Pemilihan Secara Terus

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

Artikel saya dalam SUARA KEADILAN 18 November 2010



Oleh Hamdan M Salleh
  

pemilihan-PKRSHAH ALAM 18 Nov - Pemilihan KEADILAN 2010 akan tiba ke penghujung pada minggu ini. Tanggal 21 November merupakan hari terakhir pengundian perimgkat MPP.

Tamatnya pengundian dua pusingan yang bermula dengan pemilihan peringkat Cabang dan diikuti pemilihan pucuk pimpinan tertinggi. Minggu selepas itu pula Kongres 2010 akan menyusul di mana yang menang tentunya akan di dudukkan di pentas utama.

Pada awalnya penulis merasakan sistem pemilihan 1 Ahli 1 Parti yang diadakan oleh KEADILAN merupakan satu langkah yang amat baik dalam meraikan demokrasi.

Memberi ruang dan peluang untuk ahli marhaen memilih pemimpin idaman mereka yang dirasakan mampu membawa aspirasi mereka. Persaingan sihat dalam keluarga besar KEADILAN juga dapat mendekatkan pimpinan kepada ahli-ahli di bawah. Politik wang yang menjadi nanah kepada parti politk juga dapat dihindarkan menerusi pengundian cara begini.

Why only 8.48%?

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

By LIM MUN FAH
Translated by SOONG PHUI JEE
The direct election of the PKR carries exemplary significance as it is the first time being held in Malaysia.
However, the voter turnout so far remains as low as 8.48%. People are surprised and puzzled over it.

Khamis, November 04, 2010

Pemilihan KEADILAN 2010: Apa Yang Tidak Kena Dalam Pemilihan MPP?

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

Artikel saya di dalam Suara Keadilan bertarikh 3 November 2010.


Oleh Hamdan M. Salleh   
pemilihan-PKRTanggal 29-31 Oktober lalu menyaksikan bermulanya pusingan kedua Pemilihan KEADILAN 2010. Kali ini ahli-ahli KEADILAN akan memilih pemimpin mereka di peringkat pusat atau Majlis Pimpinan Pusat (MPP) pula. Pusingan pertama iaitu pemilihan peringkat Cabang yang bersekali dengan Mesyuarat Agung Tahunan Cabang (MATC) berakhir pada 26 September 2010. Kali ini ia akan berlangsung hingga 21 November 2010 di mana Kongres KEADILAN akan diadakan seminggu selepas itu iaitu 27-28 November 2010 di Petaling Jaya.

Selasa, November 02, 2010

Parti Politik Pembangkang Atau Parti Politik Oposisi

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

Artikel saya dalam Suara Keadilan 1 Oktober 2010



Oleh Hamdan M. Salleh   
Parti politik merupakan institusi politik yang menghubungkan masyarakat dan negara. Terdapat pelbagai bentuk kepartian politik di negara-negara membangun dimana kes-kes  kepartian ini kerapkali dikaji berlandaskan teoritik dan perbandingan berpaksikan pengalaman kepartian di Barat. Namun, sejak kebelakangan ini sudah terdapat perkaitan kajian tentang peranan parti-parti politik dalam proses pendemokrasian. Ini sudah tentu membawa kepada pelbagai kajian khusus berkenaan parti-parti politik yang wujud baik sebagai pemerintah mahupun sebagai yang di Malaysia di panggil Pembangkang.

Rabu, Oktober 20, 2010

Pemilihan MPT KEADILAN 2010: Percaturan Sudah Bermula

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

Artikel Saya Yang Tersiar Dalam Suara Keadilan Pada 21 Oktober 2010


Oleh Hamdan M. Salleh   
pemilihan-PKRPemilihan KEADILAN 2010 nampaknya semakin mendapat perhatian, baik yang positif mahupun negatif. Akhbar Sunday Star tanggal 17 Oktober menjadikannya berita utama muka depan. Sinar Harian sejak daripada MATC memberi kolum dan ruang khusus untuknya.

Malah media cetak yang dipersepsikan pro-BN seperti Utusan Malaysia dan Berita Harian serta New Straits Times turut berminat. Begitu juga warkah Cina dan Tamil memberi ruang membincangkan Pemilihan KEADILAN.
Media baru seperti Malaysiakini, MalaysianInsider malah media sesawang kelolaan Raja Petra, Malaysia Today amat jelas berminat dengan proses ini. Para blogger seperti biasa  mengeluarkan pelbagai analisa dan kisah hebat tentang apa yang berlaku.

Tentunya proses yang berlaku dalam KEADILAN ini suatu perkembangan yang besar dan menarik minat. Mengapa? Kerana proses Pemilihan KEADILAN ini unik dek kerana uniknya parti ini.

Ini perlu diakui, unik tidak bermakna semuanya baik-baik sahaja. Unik juga tidak membawa maksud semuanya negatif semata-mata. Keunikan ini terhasil dari pelbagai peristiwa yang berlaku dalam KEADILAN. Positif dan negatif. Itu maksud unik.

Jadi bila artikel ini serta artikel-artikel terdahulu mengatakan bahawa KEADILAN itu parti yang unik, bukanlah kerana ingin memuji KEADILAN semata-mata.

Selasa, Oktober 19, 2010

Azmin’s moment is at hand

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP


The Star, Tuesday October 19, 2010

Comment

By Joceline Tan


Blue-eyed boy Azmin Ali denies he has problems with Anwar Ibrahim’s family while projecting himself as the man who can take the party to Putrajaya.
AT this point in time, it looks like Azmin Ali is on course to become the next deputy president of PKR.
Azmin had kept a rather low profile throughout the nominations stage, preferring to let his supporters speak for him.
But all that ended after he handed in his nomination papers for the post on Saturday.

Desperate Politicians, Desperate Housewives

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP


Farish A Noor

I once had the misfortune to watch an episode of a program called ‘Desperate Housewives’, and as the title suggests, the program was precisely about that and it reminded me of just why I loathe such chick-flicks and chick-pulp so very, very much.

This particular episode had some forgettable character (Housewife A) in a fit because of her marital problems with Husband A. Housewife A then goes to chat with her neighbour, Housewife B, to vent her spleen about all her husband’s problems.
Though I confess that I havent watched all the episodes of this rather tiresome series, I gathered that Housewife A wasnt the sharpest tool in the box, as she obviously didnt suspect that Housewife B also happened to be the local neighbourhood radio station, so to speak.
In time Housewife B did what she does best, which was to run along to Housewives C, D, E, et al and to tell the whole street about the problems between Housewife A and her husband – namely, that he suffered from erectile dysfunction and there were some problems in his plumbing department. The rest, as they say, is herstory and what a tedious story it was too. The moral of the tale could be summed up in one sentence which would have spared me 60 precious minutes when I could have polished my shoes instead: Dont go gossiping about your problems to people who cant keep their mouths shut. Ho Hum.

Selasa, Oktober 12, 2010

Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde in PKR

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP


Brave New World By AZMI SHAROM

The ongoing party elections and a recent book launch show the different, sometimes opposing, faces of Parti Keadilan Rakyat.
THE last two weeks has seen Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) acting in a way that is akin to Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. On the one hand its party elections have so far been conducted in a manner that does not reflect well on it. On the other hand, an event last week showed the vast potential of PKR.
Let’s discuss the party elections first. As far as I know, this is the first time that a Malaysian political party is having direct elections for party posts. That is to say, one member one vote as opposed to party divisions having the vote.

Rabu, Oktober 06, 2010

A wake up call for Anwar

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP


MENDAN: A very frank analysis by Joceline Tan. It's time the PR to WALK THE TALK.


Analysis By Joceline Tan

Raja Petra Kamarudin went on the offensive against Pakatan Rakyat and PKR at a forum in London. Is he about to turn his back on Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim or is it because he is growing impatient about coming home?

Isnin, Oktober 04, 2010

FOOL 1 POOL 2

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

Its sickening. The battle of two pools : LIVERPOOL 1 BLACKPOOL 2.

Liverpool FC in the relegation battle!!!

What happen now? From Top 4 previously, now the Reds are bottom 4. To be exact Third From Bottom. To be more precise 18 from 20. Even Hodgson's former team Fulham is in the Top 10. At 9 is Blackpool. The other big 4? Chelsea at the top, Man U at 3rd and Arsenal at No. 4. As usual.

The Premiership match after hopefully is not to be another black day. The irony is it will be the game against BLACKburn the 10th of Oct. . Before that against Napoli in the Europa League.

Please woke up. This is going to be the worst season for the Reds. Its not good enough so far. So far sooooo good bye to Top 5, Europa League or even The Premiership status. A team comprises of Gerrard (captain of England), Torres & Pepe Reina (World Cup winners), Kuyt & Babbel (World Cup runners-up), Maxi (Argentinian star), Joe Cole, Glen Johnson & Carra of England, Poulsen of Denmark, Meireles of Portugal shouldn't be at the bottom of the table. We still have the 'ever reliable fire engine-world class-Rafa love me - now Hodgson also love me ' LUCAS LEIVA

Liverpool ... are you Blackpool in disguise?





Khamis, September 16, 2010

KEADILAN Election 2010: One hot battle on the cards

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

Article from Joceline Tan of The Star

PKR is facing its most happening election since its formation and the high stakes contest between its star Azmin Ali and high-flying lawyer Datuk Zaid Ibrahim has taken centrestage.

THE temperature in PKR is rising. The fight for the party’s deputy president post has become the hot topic at the Hari Raya gatherings.

Some people have been all hot under the collar over the accusations and counter-accusations going on between supporters of Datuk Zaid Ibrahim and Azmin Ali.

As such, when secretary-general Saifuddin Nasution was hospitalised last week, some thought he had crumpled under the pressure of the party’s first direct elections.
The top man’s preference: Anwar’s legal hurdles will play a big part in determining whether he prefers Azmin (left) or Zaid (right) as the next deputy president.

Saifuddin had been travelling all over the country - Perlis one day, Sabah the next, as he put it - to make preparations for the division meetings which will start in a week’s time.

By the third week of Ramadan, while the blood pressure of others in the party was shooting up, his blood pressure dived and he landed in hospital where doctors said he was also badly dehydrated.

Poor Saifuddin was probably suffering from political fatigue.

PKR is facing its most happening election since its formation in 1999.

This is the first party election based on the one-member-one-vote system and there has been a deluge of nominations for contests at the division level. The supreme council posts are also likely to see a crush of nominations.

But nothing has captured the interest of people inside and outside the party as much as the contest for the deputy president post between Azmin Ali and Datuk Zaid Ibrahim.
Johari: Supports Azmin because he has gone through hell for the party.

They are two big personalities with tall ambitions, deep pockets and they are claiming the political endorsement of different members of the powerful Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim family.

The intellectuals love to go on about how politics should be about issues and policies. But the reality is that a lot of politics on the ground tends to boil down to personalities and it is no different in PKR.

The fight is very much about the personalities of the two men, their histories and their ties with those around them.

Azmin is being portrayed as a party man, a loyalist not only to Anwar but to the party struggle, someone who has been there from the start of the Reformasi movement.

Said Kedah strongman and Sungai Petani MP Johari Abdul: “He has been through hell and back for the party. They humiliated him, made him produce his two-year-old son in court, they said it was not his child, all not true. How many people would have put up with that? But he never left.

“We’re not saying Zaid is not good. He was a minister; we welcome him but he has never been in opposition politics. We need more time to assess him. Generals must move up the ranks; they cannot command the troops overnight.”

Azmin’s edge is that he has a track record in the party. It is not an unblemished record but it is there, nevertheless.

He has shown that he is a team player and had dutifully pulled out twice from the contest for the No. 2 post before when asked by Anwar.
Saifuddin: Probably suffering from some degree of political fatigue.

Zaid was welcomed into the party like a hero after he quit his minister’s post over the Government’s use of the ISA. It was apparent from day one that he was not there to be a foot soldier for he immediately moved into a role articulating issues that cut across party lines.

He is an intellectual; he thinks on his feet and is very articulate and persuasive no matter how complex an issue. But he is also all too human and his drinking and horse-racing have become political issues.

He is not a hypocrite about his liberal lifestyle and view but unfortunately Malay society can be very judgemental. That is what he is now struggling with.

He is also fighting the perception that he is an over-ambitious parachutist who is aiming to take over the party after barely a year.

Loyalty to the party has never been more crucial given all those people who jumped ship over the last one year. Members are asking: if he can walk out of Umno, what is there to stop him leaving PKR?

Zaid was reportedly livid about the show of force by the MPs and assemblymen aligned to Azmin earlier this week.

The gloves are off

Since then, there has been a blitz of articles running down Azmin in the news portal which is closely tied to Zaid’s interest.

One article titled “Party over in Sabah, Sarawak if Azmin wins” suggests that East Malaysia will abandon PKR if Azmin becomes the No. 2.

A letter that Azmin reportedly wrote to the Selangor Mentri Besar objecting to Zaid as the candidate for the Hulu Selangor by-election has also made its way into the portal. Among some of the reasons listed were that Zaid could not be trusted; he drinks and gambles; he is vengeful; his religious credentials are in doubt; and he had sued PAS over the hudud issue.

Anwar’s politician daughter Nurul Izzah has openly aligned herself to Zaid.

“Nurul Izzah is 100% with Zaid, or to put it more accurately, she is 100% against Azmin,” said a party insider.

Insiders said Anwar is uncomfortable with Nurul Izzah’s stand on the No. 2 fight but he is even more concerned that she may go for a vice-president post.

He thinks it is too early for Nurul Izzah to make such a big move and that it may alienate people in the party - father the supreme leader, mother the president and daughter going for vice-president.

The most-asked question is, who does Anwar favour? Is he backing Azmin as claimed or is he is still in two minds whether Syed Husin should let go or stay on another term?

Saifuddin, who has spent some one-to-one time with Anwar in the last few weeks, had asked the PKR leader if he was going to support anyone or any line-up.

“He said he is too old for all this. He said he has seen so much dirty politics after 17 years in Umno that he no longer wants to get involved in this sort of game. I believe he will leave it to the members to decide,” said Saifuddin.

Actually, that is a classic Anwar kind of answer - neither a yes or no, and not even a maybe.

The perception is that Azmin would not be moving so boldly without the blessing of Anwar. Azmin’s relationship with Anwar is such that while he can whisper into Anwar’s ears, he will also do as Anwar says. That is the depth of their relationship.

Azmin’s campaign style is vastly different from that of Zaid’s. He has a lot of people willing to speak up on his behalf and come out in the open to state their support.

Support from the Yang Berhormats has given an important boost to Azmin’s campaign even though the votes will be decided by a wider circle of people.

Zaid’s campaign, for someone of his stature, is rather too much on the defensive with too much play on the underdog status.

His strategy has been to pre-empt issues that the other side may bring up later in the campaign. He is meeting people on the ground but his campaign has been most visible via the Internet.

Different personalities

Even their respective blogs are a world apart.

Azmin’s blog has a very PKR feel about it and his album has photos of him and his wife in Mecca, both of them looking like any other pakcik and makcik from the kampung even though they live in the same posh neighbourhood as Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Tun Hussein.

Zaid’s blog is very much about the man of the world that he is. Although Haji Zaid performed his Haj last year, there are no pictures of him in Mecca but there are lots of photos of him and Tok Guru Datuk Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat.

Both men are presenting their religious credentials in their own way.

Zaid’s blog recently acquired a more contemporary look as he asks his readers to “Follow me as I work towards a better future for the people of Malaysia.”

This is a medium where he can really showcase his intellect and opinions because, in person, he is rather cold and aloof. Zaid has oodles of IQ but seems short of EQ or emotional intelligence.

Fortunately for him, Azmin is not exactly overflowing with EQ either.

The battle between Azmin and Zaid is happening in a big way on the Internet but it will be determined mainly by Selangor, Sabah, Penang and Perak where the bulk of PKR members are located.

The fight will also have a Malay flavour given that 55% of PKR member are Malays. And now that the holy month has given way to festivities, the gloves will come off and the real show is about to start.

Khamis, September 02, 2010

Checklist - The Last 10 Days & Nights of Ramadhan

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

In this blessed month of Ramadan, we have now come to the grand finale – the last ten days of Ramadan that are even more blessed than the rest of Ramadan. In it is a night that Quran tells us is better than 1000 months (yes, months – not days).


The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

"There has come to you Ramadan, a blessed month which Allah has enjoined you to fast, during which the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and the rebellious devils are chained up. In it there is a night which is better than a thousand months, and whoever is deprived of its goodness is indeed deprived.” Narrated by al-Nasa’i, 2106; Ahmad, 8769. classed as saheeh by al-Albani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 999.

So, in preparation for the grand finale, here is a checklist of some of the things that we can all do to make the remaining days of Ramadan work to our advantage –

1) Get in high gear for the next 10 nights and days –

Time is of the essence. Every moment counts. Whatever you need to do for the next ten days to make the most in Ibada, good deeds, reciting Quran, dhikr, making dua, etc., rewards are going to be multiplied. No one knew about the importance of these days more than the prophet (saws). Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated from ‘Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) that when the last ten days of Ramadan began, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) would stay up at night, wake his family and tie his lower garment tight. According to Ahmad and Muslim: he would strive hard in worship during the last ten nights of Ramadan as he did not do at other times.

Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said “When Ramadan would come, the Messenger of Allah would say,

Verily, the month of Ramadan has come to you all. It is a blessed month, which Allah has obligated you all to fast. During it the gates of Paradise are opened, the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are shackled. In it there is a night that is better than one thousand months. Whoever is deprived of its good, then he has truly been deprived.)” An-Nasa’i recorded this same Hadith.


If we lose this opportunity, we get our next opportunity next year – assuming we are still around and are in good health and shape to make use of it. Even if we are – we have the past years’ sins on our shoulders and life’s normal trials and tribulations to face the coming year. So, there is no better time to ask Allah to make all that easier than NOW.

2) Get a Quran and recite as often as you can –

A few lines on this post can’t even come close to explaining the benefits and virtues of Quran. It is proven in the saheeh Sunnah that the Quran will intercede for those who read it at night, as Ahmad (6626) narrated from ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Amr that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

Fasting and the Quran will intercede for a person on the Day of Resurrection. Fasting will say, ‘O Lord, I deprived him of his food and his desires during the day, so let me intercede for him.’ And the Quran will say: ‘I deprived him of his sleep at night so let me intercede for him.’ Then they will intercede.” Narrated by Ahmad; classed as saheeh by al-Albani in Saheeh al-Jami’, no. 3882.

Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet said,

The example of a believer who recites the Qur’an is that of a citron (a citrus fruit) which is good in taste and good in smell. And the believer who does not recite the quran is like a date which has a good taste but no smell. And the example of an impious person who recites the Qur’an is that of Ar-Rihana (an aromatic plant) which smells good but is bitter in taste. And the example of an impious person who does not recite the quran is that of a colocynth which is bitter in taste and has no smell.” (Book #93, Hadith # 649)

As is stated in the hadeeth narrated by ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas (may Allah be pleased with them both), in which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

Whoever recites ten aayaat (verses) in qiyaam will not be recorded as one of the forgetful. Whoever recites a hundred aayaat (verses) in qiyaam will be recorded as one of the devout, and whoever prays a thousand aayaat (verses) in qiyaam will be recorded as one of the muqantareen (those who pile up good deeds).” (Reported by Abu Dawood and Ibn Hibbaan. It is a hasan report. Saheeh al-Targheeb, 635).

3) If your sins are holding you to move forward, this is the time to get them forgiven –

First the bad news – In Musnad Ahmad it is narrated that Thawbaan said: The Messenger of Allah (SAWS) said:

A man is deprived of provision (Rizq) because of the sins that he commits.’” (Narrated by Ibn Maajah, 4022, classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah).

And now for the good news –

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

Whoever spends the night of Laylat al-Qadr in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward, will be forgiven his previous sins.”


4) What to say on Laylat al-Qadr –

One of the best dua’s that can be recited on Laylat al-Qadr is that which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) taught ‘A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her). It was narrated by al-Tirmidhi, who classed it as saheeh, that ‘A’ishah said: I said: “O Messenger of Allah, If I know which night is Laylat al-Qadr, what should I say?” He said: “Say: Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun tuhibb al-‘afwa fa’fu ‘anni (O Allah, You are All-Forgiving and You love forgiveness so forgive me).”

5) Get in the class of the Pious People –


Allah has described the pious as follows (interpretation of the meaning):

They used to sleep but little by night (invoking their Lord (Allah) and praying, with fear and hope). [Quran: Surah Adh-Dhariyat (17)]

And in the hours before dawn, they were (found) asking (Allah) for forgiveness, [Quran: Surah Adh-Dhariyat (18)]

6) Finally……

Think of all that you need to ask Allah for and ask Him now. If you haven’t before, this is the time to connect with Him and feel closer to Him. And when you do during these last ten nights and days of this Ramadan, you would want to do this again and again – even after the month is over.

And finally, when you are in a state of prayers and worship, please open your heart for others as well and please do remember your brothers and sisters in your prayers. Remember what the Prophet said:

“The supplication that gets the quickest answer is the one made by one Muslim for another in his absence.” Reported by Abu Daw’ud and Tirmidhi

May we all make the most of the last ten nights and days of Ramadan…

………………………………………… IqraSense.com Blogger

Selasa, Julai 27, 2010

Pemilihan Kepimpinan FAM

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

Sejak kebelakangan ini sudah hangat diperkatakan calon-calon untuk mengisi barisan kepimpinan FAM diperkatakan. Maklumlah, FAM merupakan persatuan yang besar pengaruhnya walaupun tidak secemerlang mana prestasi pasukan kebangsaan jika dibandingkan dengan sukan-sukan lain di Malaysia seperti badminton, squash, hoki dan lumba basikal yang telah bertaraf dunia.

Boleh dikatakan sebahagian besar calon untuk kerusi Timbalan Presiden dan Naib Presiden merupakan ahli-ahli politik termasuk seorang calon dari ahli parlimen bebas. Ini menunjukkan bahawa terdapat juga satu tarikan politik untuk menduduki kerusi ini yang ada kalanya boleh menjadi masalah kepada perjalanan FAM.

Pasukan bolasepak kebangsaan di semua peringkat masih ditahap rendah dengan kedudukan ke 145 dunia setakat ini. Walaupun begitu, terdapat sedikit peningkatan walaupun tidaklah sehebat mana. Kejayaan seperti memenangi pingat emas Sukan SEA dan yang terbaru menewaskan skuad Olimpik Korea 1-0 bukan kayu ukur sebenar untuk menyatakan prestasi skuad kebangsaan telah meningkat dengan baik.

Jesteru itu, siapapun yang terpilih mempunyai tanggungjawab yang amat berat untuk kembali meningkatkan prestasi pasukan kebangsaan seperti era gemilang satu ketika dahulu. Amat malang jika kayu pengukur hanyalah pada memenangi pingat emas sukan SEA atau separuh akhir Piala AFF. Sudah sampai masa FAM membuat transformasi dan revolusi drastik untuk mengubah dari tadbirurus sempurna dan konsisten hinggalah ke pembangunan akar umbi dalam usaha mencari bakat-bakat baru.

Bagi hemat saya, ahli gabungan FAM perlu memilih calon-calon yang benar-benar layak dan tidak sekadar memilih kerana gelaran, populariti serta kerana perkaitan politik. Pilihlah pemimpin yang benar-benar telah terbukti berjaya meningkatkan prestasi pasukan negeri masing-masing atau telah memberi sumbangan bermakna untuk pembangunan FAM dan ahli-ahli gabungan.

Terdapat calon-calon yang nampaknya telah dan sedang menunjukkan kewibawaan di peringkat negeri. FA Selangor dan FA Kelantan umpamanya adalah contoh terbaik bagi melihat bagaimana mengurus dan mentadbir sebuah pasukan bolasepak. Kedua-dua persatuan ini secara konsisten saban musim bukan sahaja menerajui liga dan semua pertandingan malah tidak kedengaran masalah gaji tertunggak, kelewatan pembayaran KWSP ataupun permasalahan luar padang yang negatif. Penjenamaan semula oleh Tan Sri Anuar Musa umpamanya amat menarik sekali dan inilah yang sepatutnya dicontohi oleh pasukan-pasukan lain dalam Liga Super dan Liga Perdana. Selangor juga menerusi barisan kepimpinannya seperti Dauk Mokhtar Ahmad dan Datuk Hamidin Mohd Amin jelas membuktikan dengan pengurusan yang cemerlang mampu menterjemahkan sebuah pasukan yang mantap di padang.

Contohilah pengurusan bolasepak negara-negara seperti Korea Selatan dan jepaun yang duhulunya setaraf dengan kita. Saksikanlah kejayaan mereka hari ini. Sudah sampai masanya rakyat Malaysia menyorak pasukan sendiri. Oleh itu, pilihlah pemimpin yang benar-benar boleh memantapkan lagi FAM serta mampu membawa MAlaysia ke persada antarabangsa.

Isnin, Julai 12, 2010

WC10 : Spain the World Champions. Why the Spaniards are better than the English?

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

Congrats to the Spain football team as they won 1-0 against the spirited Dutch at this morning WC Final. As a Reds its truly amazing to see Torres & Pepe Reina won the World Cup. As also the ex-Reds of Alonso and Arbeloa. Sorry for Kuyt and Babbel in the Dutch contingent ... who guys had tried your best. Several Reds performed admirably in the WC2010 namely Skrtel (Slovakia), Agger (Denmark), Mascherano (Argentina -captain) and not to be forgotten the English duo of Gerrard (the captain) and Jamie Carragher.

However the Spanish are truly great. A reversed 0-1 to the Swiss as only a temporary blip. They move to won mostly 1-0 till the final. They were several reasons they're better than the English team who were considered as favorites:
1. Spain have 3 ... I repeat, THREE world class goalkeepers. Apart from Iker the Captain, they have the penalty-stopper expert in Pepe Reina of Liverpool. The third keeper? The Barcelona custodian, Valdes. England? NONE
2. In Centerback. just compare between Terry & partners (whoever they were) with Puyol and Pique of Barcelona. I rest my case.
3. Right back? The world class Ramos. His deputy? Arbeloa, the x-Reds.
4. Left back Capdevilla and Albiol. Just compae then to so called world class of A Cole.
5. The midfield dynamo of Xavi & Iniesta. With the support of Alonso & Busquets. Even Fabregas is on the sub. Add David Silva and you have a two midfield team. Even Senna was not picked this time. Need I Say more? Stevie G & Lamps? Though world class but cant play as a unit. Barry... sorry.
6. Wingers aplenty such as Navas, Pedro and even Villa who can score using both feets.
7. Striker... Villa & Torres with Llorente and Mata as back ups. Truly amazing. Just compare with Capello's Heskey?
8. Del Basque the coach. Quite but unassuming. Very experience both as player and coach of Real Madrid.

In other words, England need to reform ... need a good team ...look at Germany and Holland, they have able back-ups. and off course... over-commercialization is not a good thing to build a team.

Me? back to Football Manager.

Jumaat, Julai 09, 2010

WC10 : England Lost? No Worry, There's A World Cup At BTP That Cost RM350 (with a complimentary photo session!).

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

This is my first comment on the on-going World Cup. As I'm writing this stuff, WC2010 is on its final days. Tomorrow will be the 'nobody cares' 3rd place play-off between Uruguay & Germany. The day after is the final of Netherlands & Spain.

Let me focus on the all-conquering Three Lions. The even plan to stage a mammoth rally should they win the WC! Well No Worry The England's team dismal performance in the World Cup is not without reasons. Lots of them.

This is my comment published in the Malay Mail Online on July 5 2010:

1. No world class keepers.
2. Slow-response centerbacks in Terry & Ferdinand ... or Upson (almost relegated) or Carragher (getting slower) or King (injury prone) and Dawson (not playing)
3. A right back who do not know how to defend ...aka. ... Johnson
4. A left back who supposed to be the best in the world ...Ash cole?
5. A useless Gareth Barry. Only rated by the BPL overrated & over commercialized media
6. A couple who cannot work together ...aka ... Gerrard & Lampard (compare Iniesta& Xavi , Ozil& Khedira)
7. No left winger
8. Useless right winger ... aka Lennon (not from the Beatles)
9. A striker who cant score .. Heskey.
10. A very tired Wayne Rooney
11. Strikers who score goals but in the eye of Capello is worst than Heskey .... Defoe, Crouch (look at his England's strike rate) ...Darren Bent?

In other words ... England need a total revamp ... new team ... the present team is over exaggerated and think they were world class ...

But no worry. If you still want the cup, just go to a sport shop at BTP here in Malaysia. You can get the trophy for RM350 (roughly 60 pounds). Its cheap and looks real ... and comes with free photo of one of you guys.

Sabtu, Jun 19, 2010

Mata siapa yang tidak pernah menangis...

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

Pada setiap Jumaat, selepas selesai menunaikan solat Jumaat, seorang Imam
dan anaknya yang berumur 7 tahun akan berjalan menyusuri jalan di kota itu
dan menyebarkan risalah bertajuk "Jalan-jalan Syurga" dan beberapa karya
Islamik yang lain.

Pada satu Jumaat yang indah, pada ketika Imam dan anaknya itu hendak keluar
seperti biasa meghulurkan risalah-risalah Islam itu, hari itu menjadi amat
dingin dan hujan mulai turun.

Anak kecil itu mula membetulkan jubahnya yang masih kering dan panas dan
seraya berkata "Ayah! Saya dah bersedia"

Ayahnya terkejut dan berkata "Bersedia untuk apa?". "Ayah bukankah ini
masanya kita akan keluar menyampaikan risalah Allah"

"Anakku! Bukankah sejuk keadaan di luar tu dan hujan juga agak lebat"

"Ayah bukankah masih ada manusia yang akan masuk neraka walaupun ketika
hujan turun"

Ayahnya menambah "Ayah tidak bersedia hendak keluar dalam keadaan cuaca
sebegini"

Dengan merintih anaknya merayu "Benarkan saya pergi ayah?"

Ayahnya berasa agak ragu-ragu namun menyerahkan risalah-risalah itu kepada
anaknya "Pergilah nak dan berhati-hatilah. Allah bersama-sama kamu!"

"Terima kasih Ayah" Dengan wajah bersinar-sinar anaknya itu pergi meredah
hujan dan susuk tubuh kecil itu hilang dalam kelebatan hujan itu.

Anak kecil itu pun menyerahkan risalah-risalah tersebut kepada sesiapa pun
yang dijumpainya. Begitu juga dia akan mengetuk setiap rumah dan memberikan
risalah itu kepada penghuninya.

Setelah dua jam, hanya tinggal satu saja risalah "Jalan-jalan Syurga" ada
pada tangannya. DIa berasakan tanggungjawabnya tidak akan selesai jika masih
ada risalah di tangannya. Dia berpusing-pusing ke sana dan ke mari mencari
siapa yang akan diserahkan risalah terakhirnya itu namun gagal.

Akhirnya dia ternampak satu rumah yang agak terperosok di jalan itu dan mula
mengatur langkah menghampiri rumah itu. Apabila sampai sahaja anak itu di
rumah itu, lantas ditekannya loceng rumah itu sekali. Ditunggunya sebentar
dan ditekan sekali lagi namun tiada jawapan. Diketuk pula pintu itu namun
sekali lagi tiada jawapan. Ada sesuatu yang memegangnya daripada pergi,
mungkin rumah inilah harapannya agar risalah ini diserahkan. Dia mengambil
keputusan menekan loceng sekali lagi. Akhirnya pintu rumah itu dibuka.

Berdiri di depan pintu adalah seorang perempuan dalam lingkungan 50an.
Mukanya suram dan sedih. "Nak, apa yang makcik boleh bantu?"

Wajahnya bersinar-sinar seolah-olah malaikat yang turun dari langit.
"Makcik, maaf saya mengganggu, saya hanya ingin menyatakan yang ALLAH amat
sayangkan makcik dan sentiasa memelihara makcik. Saya datang ini hanya
hendak menyerahkan risalah akhir ini dan makcik adalah orang yang paling
bertuah". Dia senyum dan tunduk hormat sebelum melangkah pergi.

"Terima kasih nak dan Tuhan akan melindungi kamu" dalam nada yang lembut

Minggu berikutnya sebelum waktu solat Jumaat bermula, seperti biasa Imam
memberikan ceramahnya. Sebelum selesai dia bertanya "Ada sesiapa nak
menyatakan sesuatu"

Tiba-tiba sekujur tubuh bangun dengan perlahan dan berdiri. Dia adalah
perempuan separuh umur itu. "Saya rasa tiada sesiapa dalam perhimpunan ini
yang kenal saya. Saya tak pernah hadir ke majlis ini walaupun sekali. Untuk
pengetahuan anda, sebelum Jumaat minggu lepas saya bukan seorang Muslim.
Suami saya meninggal beberapa tahun lepas dan meninggalkan saya keseorangan
dalam dunia ini" Air mata mulai bergenang di kelopak matanya.

"Pada Jumaat minggu lepas saya mengambil keputusan untuk membunuh diri. Jadi
saya ambil kerusi dan tali. Saya letakkan kerusi di atas tangga menghadap
anak tangga menuruni. Saya ikat hujung tali di galang atas dan hujung satu
lagi diketatkan di leher. Apabila tiba saat saya untuk terjun, tiba-tiba
loceng rumah saya berbunyi. Saya tunggu sebentar, pada anggapan saya, siapa
pun yang menekan itu akan pergi jika tidak dijawab. Kemudian ia berbunyi
lagi. Kemudian saya mendengar ketukan dan loceng ditekan sekali lagi".

"Saya bertanya sekali lagi. Belum pernah pun ada orang yang tekan loceng ini
setelah sekian lama. Lantas saya melonggarkan tali di leher dan terus pergi
ke pintu"

"Seumur hidup saya belum pernah saya melihat anak yang comel itu.
Senyumannya benar-benar ikhlas dan suaranya seperti malaikat". "Makcik, maaf
saya mengganggu, saya hanya ingin menyatakan yang ALLAH amat sayangkan
makcik dan sentiasa memelihara makcik" itulah kata-kata yang paling indah
yang saya dengar".

"Saya melihatnya pergi kembali menyusuri hujan. Saya kemudian menutup pintu
dan terus baca risalah itu setiap muka surat. Akhirnya kerusi dan tali yang
hampir-hampir menyentap nyawa saya diletakkan semula ditempat asal mereka.
Aku tak perlukan itu lagi".

"Lihatlah, sekarang saya sudah menjadi seorang yang bahagia, yang menjadi
hamba kepada Tuhan yang satu ALLAH. Di belakang risalah terdapat alamat ini
dan itulah sebabnya saya di sini hari ini. Jika tidak disebabkan malaikat
kecil yang datang pada hari itu tentunya roh saya ini akan berada
selama-lamanya di dalam neraka"

Tiada satu pun anak mata di masjid itu yang masih kering. Ramai pula yang
berteriak dan bertakbir ALLAHUAKBAR!

Imam lantas turun dengan pantas dari mimbar lantas terus memeluk anaknya
yang berada di kaki mimbar dan menangis sesungguh-sungguh hatinya.

Jumaat ini dikira Jumaat yang paling indah dalam hidupnya. Tiada anugerah
yang amat besar dari apa yang dia ada pada hari ini. Iaitu anugerah yang
sekarang berada di dalam pelukannya. Seorang anak yang seumpama malaikat.

Biarkanlah air mata itu menitis. Air mata itu anugerah ALLAH kepada
makhlukNya yang penyayang

Panjangkanlah risalah ini. Ingat ALLAH sentiasa menyayangi dan memelihara
kamu!

ALLAHUAKBAR!

Jumaat, April 30, 2010

PRK Hulu Selangor Shows KEADILAN Still PR's Weak Link

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

By Syed Jaymal Zahiid

PKR might be seen as the lynchpin for Pakatan Rakyat (PR) but last Sunday’s Hulu Selangor by-election has revealed its partners to be equally effective as the pact’s driving force.

PKR put up Datuk Zaid Ibrahim as the candidate, promoting his national stature in all their campaigns, but lost to MIC’s P. Kamalanathan, who was voted in with a 1,725-vote majority on mainly Malay and Indian support.

While PKR’s campaign was marred by news of party members defecting almost on a daily basis, both PAS and the DAP remained solid in terms of both supporter loyalty and organisational prowess.

It is understood that contrary to denials by PKR leaders that the defections were of no impact to its campaign, the resignation of one of its leaders — Hulu Selangor PKR division treasurer, Dr Halili Rahmat — had almost brought the party’s machinery to a total halt.

“For PAS, the campaign was organised in three waves. For the first wave, it was generally agreed that PKR would handle it entirely,” a PAS official told The Malaysian Insider on condition of anonymity.

“Our observation indicated PKR was in a mess. The resignation of Halili had almost paralysed them as he was influential there and also the purse stringer.

“It was only when we came in, at the second wave, that PR’s machinery begin to move especially in the Malay areas,” he added.

The PAS official revealed that PKR had no virtually no network on the ground in Hulu Selangor. It had but a single branch in each voting zones whereas PAS, despite being the outsiders, had three branches working for each polling zone.

“Even so, their branches were virtually ineffective, and we had to go in and give them a help. If not, God knows...” added the source.

Innuendos pointing to PKR’s ineffective campaign were everywhere.

PAS secretary-general Datuk Mustapha Ali had recently said, “I don't mean to belittle PKR but it was our machinery that worked hard to campaign in the Malay areas”.

Another was Klang DAP MP, Charles Santiago, who was on PR’s campaign trail throughout the by-election. He had blamed the inefficiency of PKR’s machinery, among others, as cause for their defeat.

This was admitted by party elections director, Fuziah Salleh, who pointed to the “lack of competence and experience on the part of the local level leaders” to handle the massive by-election.

This flagging performance was also blamed on the splits within PKR’s machinery. It is understood that the machinery was divided into three camps: one of Tan Sri Khalid Ibrahim who was hand-picked to lead the campaign; the second, of vice-president Azmin Ali; while the Hulu Selangor candidate himself, Datuk Zaid Ibrahim, wielded the third.

“So what this shows is that, even at the most crucial of times, PKR cannot put aside its differences. Are we betting that they would in the future? After Hulu Selangor, it looks unlikely,” said another PAS leader who did not want to be named.

Fuziah, however, denied that their machinery was divided, saying it had instead brought the allegedly warring leaders like Azmin, Khalid and Zaid together.

Another key element missing within PKR is its ideological strength said the PAS leader further. Other parties, the leader contended, have their unique “element” to keep the party intact except for PKR.

“BN’s support have always relied on money. That is their ‘element’. For PAS, we have Islam and the concept of loyalty and discipline. That is what holds us together. I don’t know what DAP has but it seems to be working. Only PKR is hit with desertions. I don't see what are the ‘elements’ that hold PKR together,” said the PAS source.

This view is generally shared by political observers, who noted that PKR has yet to project a solid ideological image apart from its enmity towards its rivals, BN.

In the meantime, PKR is betting only on the frail consensus that its de facto leader, Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim, is accepted by both PAS and DAP as a possible prime minister should PR take over federal power.

Rabu, April 21, 2010

PRK P094 Hulu Selangor : Satu Analisa

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

Pakatan Rakyat berjaya menawan kerusi Parlimen sebaliknya Barisan Nasional mengekalkan status quonya di ketiga2 kerusi DUN, N05 Hulu Bernam, N06 Kuala Kubu Bharu dan N07 Batang Kali. Majoriti yang diperolehi di ketiga-tiga DUN ini berjumlah 6176 undi. Sebaliknya di peringkat Parlimen PR masih berupaya memenanginya dengan majoriti yang sangat tipis 198 undi. Saya akan cuba berkongsi pendapat dan menganalisis keunikan ini dengan menumpukan kepada prestasi PR dan BN di 3 DUN ini pada pilihanraya ke12 yang lepas dan membandingkannya dengan prestasi mereka pada peringkat Parlimen. Akhirnya, beberapa rumusan dan persoalan secara kasar akan cuba digali keluar untuk mendapatkan sudut pandangan tentang bagaimana strategi harus digunakan.
N.05 Hulu Bernam
Bangsa Jumlah Pengundi %
Melayu 11880 67.7
Cina 3018 17.2
India 2456 14
Lain-lain 195 1.1
Jumlah 17549
Keputusan: BN - 7985 PAS - 4435 %
Keluar Mengundi: 72.59 Undi Rosak : 318 (2.5%) Majoriti : 3459

N.06 Kuala Kubu Bharu
Bangsa Jumlah Pengundi %
Melayu 5882 32.3
Cina 8286 45.5
India 3915 21.5
Lain-lain 129 0.7
Jumlah 18083
Keputusan: BN - 6555 DAP - 6107 %
Keluar Mengundi: 72.54 Undi Rosak: 549 (4.1%) Majoriti : 448

N.07 Batang Kali
Bangsa Jumlah Pengundi %
Melayu 16532 59.4
China 5649 20.3
India 5538 19.9
Lain-lain 113 0.4
Jumlah 27832
Keputusan : BN - 11724 PKR - 9545 %
Keluar Mengundi : 77.87 Undi Rosak : 404 (1.8%) Majoriti : 2179

P094 Hulu Selangor
Bangsa Jumlah Pengundi %
Melayu 34302 53.94
Cina 16960 26.67
India 12069 18.98
Lain-lain 269 0.4

Keputusan : BN - 22979 PKR - 23177 %
Keluar Mengundi : 74.89 Undi Rosak : 1466 (2.3%)
Majoriti : 198

Analisis dan Persoalan

1. Peratusan keluar mengundi

1. % keluar mengundi di peringkat Parlimen (74.89%), lebih tinggi berbanding kadar purata 3 DUN (74.3%).

2. % keluar mengundi di Batang Kali 77.87% jauh mengatasi % keluar mengundi di Hulu Bernam (72.59%) dan Kuala Kubu (72.54%).
3. Terdapat perbezaan agak ketara antara ketiga-tiga DUN ini dan Parlimen.
4. Terdapat 280 pengundi yang memangkah di kertas undi DUN tetapi tidak berbuat demikian di peringkat Parlimen.
5. Kemenangan BN di Hulu Bernam tampak meyakinkan.Adakan faktor ini menjadi sebab mengapa % keluar mengundi lebih rendah berbanding DUN lain.

B. Undi Rosak

1. Undi rosak amat tinggi di kawasan yang tidak ditandingi oleh calon Melayu.
2. Purata undi rosak pada peringkat 3 DUN adalah 2.67% (1271 undi).

* Kuala Kubu Bharu - 4.1%

* Batang Kali - 1.8%
* Hulu Bernam - 2.5%
* Parlimen Hulu Selangor - 2.3%

3. Jumlah undi rosak di Parlimen Hulu Selangor pada PRU11 2004 (tidak dilampirkan) adalah 1406. Ia agak konsisten dengan jumlah yang diperolehi dalam PRU lepas iaitu 1466.

4. Adakah konsistensi undi rosak ini kebetulan? Calon BN pada PRU 2004 dan PRU 2008 adalah calon yang sama dari parti yang sama (MIC).
5. Jumlah undi rosak di Parlimen adalah lebih tinggi dari jumlah undi rosak di seluruh 3 DUN :

Parlimen - 1466 undi

3 DUN - 1271 undi

6. Kumpulan manakah yang membentuk % undi rosak yang tinggi di Kuala Kubu sedangkan corak sosio ekonomi dan lokasi Dun ini lebih bersifat sub-bandar berbanding Hulu Bernam?

C.Undi Popular dan perkaitan dengan % pengundi Melayu.
1. Terdapat perkadaran langsung yang yang konsisten antara % undi popular yang diperolehi BN dengan % pengundi Melayu, dengan kekecualian di Kuala Kubu Bharu:
Batang Kali
% Melayu 53.94%
% undi popular BN 48.25
Beza 5.6%
Hulu Bernam
% Melayu 67.7% -
% undi popular BN 62.8%
Beza 4.9%
P094 Hulu Selangor
% Melayu 53.94% -
% undi popular BN 48.25%
Beza 5.69%
Kuala Kubu Bharu
% Melayu 32.3%
% undi popular BN 49.6%

2. BN akan memperolehi kurang 5% -6% undi popular dibandingkan dengan % kaum Melayu di sesuatu kawasan. Sementara % komposisi kaum adalah tetap, angkubahnya adalah % undi popular yang akan diperolehi, barangkali bergantung calon, isu dan sebagainya. Yang pasti, mood Melayu dan hubungkaitnya dengan % undi popular BN adalah konsisten di hampir semua DUN dan Parlimen.
3. Jika perkadaran langsung ini juga relevan untuk kes di Kuala Kubu Bharu, bermakna dari 49.6% undi popular BN, 25%-27% adalah datang dari pengundi Melayu (32.3% - 5%). Ini juga bermakna sekitar 50%-54% kemenangan BN di sini disumbang oleh pengundi-pengundi Melayu.
4. Persoalan paling merunsingkan mengapa undi popular BN di 3 DUN sini tidak diterjemahkan pada peringkat Parlimen.
Purata undi popular 3 DUN
BN - 55.43%
PR - 41.7%
Undi Popular Parlimen
BN - 48.25%
PR - 48.66%
Perbezaan sebanyak lebih 6000 undi ini amat penting untuk digali keluar. Sebab dan faktor mereka beralih arah harus dikenal pasti. Kecenderungan ini besar kemungkinan berlaku di tempat campuran khususnya di Kuala Kubu Bharu. Di sini terdapat tanda-tanda protes seperti:

1. % keluar mengundi yang lebih rendah dari purata DUN keseluruhannya.
2. % undi rosak yang jauh mengatasi kadar purata DUN keseluruhannya dan Parlimen. Dengan latar penduduknya yang lebih baik dari sudut sosio ekonominya tidak mungkin % undi rosaknya terlalu menjolok mata.

Protes boleh dizahirkan dalam pelbagai bentuk. Tidak keluar mengundi, merosakkan kertas undi, tidak memulangkan kertas undid an sebagainya. Lain-lain Pola dan Pendekatan

1. Pola sosio ekonomi di P904 adalah pelbagai. Terdapat kawasan-kawasan perindustrian dan kampung tradisi Cina di sekitar Kuala Kubu dan Batangkali. Sedangkan di Batangkali itu di kelilingi taman-taman perumahan dan kampung-kampung. Di Hulu Bernam di mana 67% penduduknya adalah Melayu, terdapat beberapa tanah rancangan pertanian.
2. Saya berpendapat kepelbagaian strategi harus digunakan bergantung kepada kepelbagaian suasana. Tidak seharusnya terlalu bergantung kepada kaedah tradisi,ceramah.
3. Pengalaman yang lepas menunjukkan pengundi-pengundi Melayu tidak begitu melihat kepada isu yang diutarakan dalam ceramah-ceramah. PRK Bagan Pinang, Bukit Gantang ataupun Bukit Selambau membuktikannya. Misalnya di kawasan majoriti Melayu dan kurang terbuka seperti Air Kuning (Bukit Gantang) dan Batu Belacan (Bukit Selambau, hampir tiada pertambahan undi yang diperolehi. BN sebaliknya berjaya merampas kembali kemenangan di UPU Bt Belacan dan pekan Bukit Selambau.
4. Ceramah-ceramah kempen dan penerangan lebih sesuai dikawasan Bandar atau sub-bandar.
5. Barangkali pendekatan yang lebih untuk menarik undi Melayu, saya perturunkan mengikut susunan kepentingan:

1. kebajikan dan personal touch : Inilah sebabnya terdapat senggang masa 2 minggu sebelum hari penamaan calun. Sebaliknya tempoh berkempen hanya seminggu. BN mempergunakan tempoh ini dengan 2 maksud, secara khusus untuk menyejukkan hati sekelompok pemimpin tempatan (dan penyokongnya) yang bercakaran soal calon; dan membeli budi.
2. defensive : mempertahankan dakwaan liar BN terhadap isu-isu semasa
3. offensive : Isu yang dekat dengan masyarakat Melayu. Contohnya, penyelewengan Felda boleh membuka mata orang-orang Melayu khususnya generasi ke-2. Kurangkan over kill, Anwar Ibrahim di Permatang Pauh dan Isa Samad di Bagan Pinang menjadi bukti serangan peribadi yang keterlaluan boleh menjadi senjata makan tuan. Fokus hanya pada isu dan agenda.

Ada pendapat yang mengatakan prk ini penentu corak pemikiran rakyat pada PRU13 yang akan datang. Saya berbeza pendapat dalam hal ini. Signikannya kepada kestabilan suara pembangkang di Parlimen, mungkin. Justeru itu ia tetap penting. Tetapi untuk mencorak pola pemikiran dan pegangan ideologi rakyat, saya melihatnya sebagai peluang untuk mematangkan PR sebagai suatu kesatuan yang unik. Ia juga peluang untuk setiap individu jentera PR memperkenalkan kepada rakyat, anjakan paradigm yang melihat politik bukan berasaskan kaum tetapi soal prinsip yang benar dan adil. Antara menang dan pengalaman, seharusnya atas nama perjuangan, kita mahukan kedua-duanya.

Isnin, Mac 22, 2010

Lecture Notes & Reminder for March 2010 : LEGAL AND GOVERNMENTAL TERMINOLOGY POLITICAL THEORY

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

Dear students,

1. Please refer these terminologies as well as all articles that have been posted for the past 2 weeks.

2. The class' speaker corner will be as usual ... do get ready to voice out loud !!!

3. Remember the dateline of your assignment !!! Please be informed

TQ

Hamdan

LEGAL AND GOVERNMENTAL TERMINOLOGY
POLITICAL THEORY

A
ACT A bill which has passed through the various legislative steps required for it and which has become law, as in "an Act of the Commonwealth of Australia." Synonymous to statute, legislation or law.


ANARCHISM Political theory that government and laws are undesirable; resistance, sometimes by terrorism, to organize government.

ANARCHY Lawlessness; Complete absence of government.

APARTHEID Segregation of races; The policy of strict racial and political segregation as well as economical discrimination against nonwhites as practiced in South Africa.

ARISTOCRACY Government by a privileged minority or upper class, usually of inherited wealth and social position; a privileged ruling class.

AUTOCRACY Uncontrolled or unlimited authority over others invested in a single person;
An absolute government by one man;
See also Dictatorship.

AUTONOMY Self Government; Independence;
The power or right of self government.

B

BICAMERAL Made up of having two legislative chambers. Eg:
A) Malaysia; 1. Dewan Rakyat and 2. Dewan Negara
B) UK; 1. House of Common and 2. House of Lord
C) US; 1. House of Representative 2. House of Senate

BILL A draft of a law proposed by a lawmaking body

C

CABINET A group of ministers who govern a country

CIVIL LIBERTIES The liberties of an individual to exercise those rights guaranteed by the laws of a country;
Liberties guaranteed to all individuals by law, custom, and judicial interpretation, etc.; rights, as of speaking or acting as one likes, without governmental interference or restraint except as determined necessary for the public welfare.

COLONIALISM The policy of a nation seeking to extend its authority over other territories;
The system by which a country maintains foreign colonies in order to exploit them economically.

COMMUNISM A one-party political structure, and an emphasis on the requirements of the state rather than on individual liberties;
The doctrine that all goods means of production, etc., should be the property of the community.

CONFEDERACY;
CONFEDERATION Nations or states united for some common purpose; A league or mutual agreement; Alliance.

COMMON LAW Judge-made law. Law which exists and applies to a group on the basis of historical legal precedents developed over hundreds of years. Because it is not written by elected politicians but, rather, by judges, it is also referred to as "unwritten" law. Judges seek these principles out when trying a case and apply the precedents to the facts to come up with a judgement.

Common law is often contrasted with civil law systems which require all laws to be written in a code or written collection. Common law has been referred to as the "common sense of the community, crystallized and formulated by our ancestors".

Equity law developed after the common law to offset the rigid interpretations medieval English judges were giving the common law. For hundreds of years, there were separate courts in England and its dependents: one for common law and one for equity and the decisions of the latter, where they conflicted, prevailed. It is a matter of legal debate whether or not common law and equity are now "fused." It is certainly common to speak of the "common law" to refer to the entire body of English law, including common law and equity.


CONSERVATISM The disposition to preserve what is established and to resist change;
The principles and practices of a conservative person or party.

Constitutionalism Government according to a constitution;
Adherence and obedience to constitutional principles of government.

CONSITUTION A form of government involving fundamental principles by which a state is governed and by which the monarch or other head of the state is controlled.

CRIME An act or omission which is prohibited by criminal law. Each state sets out a limited series of acts (crimes) which are prohibited and punishes the commission of these acts by a fine, imprisonment or some other form of punishment. In exceptional cases, an omission to act can constitute a crime, such as failing to give assistance to a person in peril or failing to report a case of child abuse.

CRIMINAL LAW That body of the law that deals with conduct considered so harmful to society as a whole that it is prohibited by statute, prosecuted and punished by the government.

D

DEMOCRACY Government by the people;
Government in which the people hold the ruling power; Majority rule;
The principle of equality of rights, opportunity, and treatment.

DICTATORSHIP Absolute power or authority;
A state ruled by a dictator;
A dictatorial government.

DICTATOR A supreme ruler; one who has absolute authority; one who exercises his power tyrannically.


E

EQUITY A branch of English law which developed hundreds of years ago when litigants would go to the King and complain of harsh or inflexible rules of common law which prevented "justice" from prevailing. For example, strict common law rules would not recognize unjust enrichment, which was a legal relief developed by the equity courts. The typical Court of Equity decision would prevent a person from enforcing a common law court judgment. The kings delegated this special judicial review power over common law court rulings to chancellors. A new branch of law developed known as "equity", with their decisions eventually gaining precedence over those of the common law courts. A whole set of equity law principles were developed based on the predominant "fairness" characteristic of equity such as "equity will not suffer a wrong to be without a remedy" or "he who comes to equity must come with clean hands". Many legal rules, in countries that originated with English law, have equity-based law such as the law of trusts and mortgages.


EXECUTIVE The power or authority in government that carries the laws into effect; The person who administer the government or an organization.

F

FASCISM A system of government characterized by rigid one-party dictatorship, forcible suppression of opposition, private economic enterprise under control of central government, belligerent nationalism, racism, and militarism.

FEDERALISM A system by which several states form one large country but each state retains the right to control its internal affairs;
The federal principle of government or organization in which there is a league between nations or states.

FEDERATION A federal union of states, nations, etc.,
The act of uniting in league; The act of uniting or of forming a union of states, etc., by agreement of each member to subordinate its power to that of the central authority in common affairs.

FUNDAMENTALISM Belief in the literal truth of the religious beliefs based on literal interpretation. Fundamentalist is one who professes this belief.

G

H

I

IDEOLOGY The body of ideas on which a particular political, economic or social system is based.

IMPERIALISM The policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies; imperial government;
An imperial system of government; the policy and practice of seeking to dominate the economic or political affairs of underdeveloped areas or weaker countries.

IMMUNITY An exemption that a person (individual or corporate) enjoys from the normal operation of the law such as a legal duty or liability, either criminal or civil. For example, diplomats enjoy "diplomatic immunity" which means that they cannot be prosecuted for crimes committed during their tenure as diplomat. Another example of immunity is where a witness agrees to testify only if the testimony cannot be used at some later date during a hearing against the witness.


INFLATION Undue increase in quantity of money in proportion to buying power, as on an excessive issue of fiduciary money; an increase in the general price level as a result of an increase in the amount of money and credit in relation to the supply of goods and services; an excessive or persistent increase of price levels, causing a decline in purchasing power.

INTERNATIONAL
LAW A combination of treaties and customs, which regulates the conduct of states amongst themselves. The highest judicial authority of international law is the International Court of Justice and the administrative authority is the United Nations.

J

JUS SANGUINIS [ right of blood] A right, which entitles one to citizen-ship of a nation of which one’s natural parents are citizens.

JUS SOLI [right of land] A right which entitles one to citizen-ship of a nation in which one was born.

K

L

LEGISLATION A Law; A body of laws enacted; Written and approved laws. Also known as "statutes" or "acts." In constitutional law, one would talk of the "power to legislate" or the "legislative arm of government" referring to the power of political bodies (Eg: House of Assembly, Congress, Parliament) to write the laws of the land.

M

MAJORITARIANISM Majoritarian rule; Rule by the majority

MATRIARCHY Government by a mother or by mothers

MERITOCRACY An intellectual elite, based on academic achievement;
A system in which such an elite achieves special status, as in positions of leadership;


MEMBER OF
PARLIAMENT A Person who has been elected to parliament. Eg :
1. Malaysia : Dewan Rakyat
2. 2. UK : House of Common

MONARCHY A kind of government of which there is a monarch; A government or state in which the supreme power is actually or nominally lodged in a monarch i.e. King, Queen, Emperor or Empress.

MONOCRACY Government by one person. See AUTOCRACY


N

NATION A group or race of people that share history, traditions and culture. The United Kingdom is comprised of four nations or national groups: the English, Scots, Irish and Welsh. Canada includes French-Canadians, English-Canadians and a number of aboriginal nations. Thus, states may be comprised of one or several nations. It is common English to use the word "nation" when referring to what is known in law as "states."


NEGLIGENCE Not only are people responsible for the intentional harm they cause, but their failure to act as a reasonable person would be expected to act in similar circumstances (i.e. "negligence") will also give rise to compensation. Negligence, if it causes injury to another, can give rise to a liability suit under tort. Negligence is always assessed having regards to the circumstances and to the standard of care which would reasonably be expected of a person in similar circumstances. Everybody has a duty to ensure that their actions do not cause harm to others. Between negligence and the intentional act there lies yet another, more serious type of negligence which is called gross negligence. Gross negligence is any action or an omission in reckless disregard of the consequences to the safety or property of another. See also contributory negligence and comparative negligence.


NEPOTISM Favoritism shown on the basis of family relationship whether in business or politic.


O

OLIGARCHY Government by a small exclusive class; the person ruling such a state.

P

PARLIAMENT The national legislative body for a state, whether in the form of unicameral or bicameral.

PATRIARCHY Government, rule or domination by men as in a family or tribe. See MATRIARCHY

PORTFOLIO The office of each minister of a state.

PUBLIC LAW Those laws which regulate (1) the structure and administration of the government, (2) the conduct of the government in its relations with its citizens, (3) the responsibilities of government employees and (4) the relationships with foreign governments. Good examples are criminal and constitutional law. It can be distinguished from private law, which regulates the private conduct between individuals, without direct involvement of the government. For example, an unsolicited punch in the nose would constitute a crime for which the government would prosecute under criminal law but for which there would also be a private legal action possible by the injured party under tort law, which is private law although governments can be held responsible under tort law. As you can see, the line is often hard to draw between public and private law.
PRIVATE LAW Law which regulates the relationships between individuals. Family, commercial and labor law are examples of private law because the focus of those kinds of laws is the relationships between individuals or between corporations or organizations and individual, with the government a bystander. They are the counter part to public law.

Q

R

REPUBLIC A state in which the supremacy of the people or its elected representatives is formally acknowledged;
A state or nation with a president as its titular head.

S

SECULARISM A system of doctrines and practices that disregards or rejects any form of religious faith and worship; a system of political or social philosophy that rejects all forms of religious faith.

SHADOW CABINET Those members of the opposition party who function as unofficial counterparts to the cabinet ministers of the ruling party.

SOCIALISM A theory or system of social organization that advocates the ownership and control of industry, capital, land etc., by the community as a whole;
The stage following the capitalism in the transition of a society to Communism;
The stage of society in Marxist doctrine coming between the capitalist and the communist stage, in which private ownership of the means of production and distribution has been eliminated.

T

TECHNOCRACY Government by technicians;
The theory of a system of government in which all economic resources, and hence the entire social system, would be controlled by scientists and engineers.

TORT Derived from the Latin word tortus which meant wrong. In French, "tort" means a wrong". Tort refers to that body of the law which will allow an injured person to obtain compensation from the person who caused the injury. Every person is expected to conduct themselves without injuring others. When they do so, either intentionally or by negligence, they can be required by a court to pay money to the injured party ("damages") so that, ultimately, they will suffer the pain cause by their action. Tort also serves as a deterrent by sending a message to the community as to what is unacceptable conduct.

U

ULTRA VIRES Beyond the legal power or authority of a person.

UNICAMERAL Single legislative chamber

nota kuliah : PENTADBIRAN NEGERI DAN KERAJAAN TEMPATAN

dari ChangkatNingkeBTP

Pengenalan
Sistem pentadbiran negeri di Malaysia mengamalkan sistem demokrasi berparlimen yang banyak dipengaruhi oleh sistem pentadbiran British. selepas kemerdekaan, Perlembagaan Persekutuan melalui Perkara 73 telah memberikan autonomi kepada negeri-negeri untuk mentadbir dan memerintah wilayah masing-masing daripada segi perundangan dan perkara-perkara tertentu.
BENTUK PENTADBIRAN NEGERI
Zaman Sebelum Kedatangan Inggeris
Sebelum kedatangan Inggeris, pentadbiran negeri-negeri Melayu berada di bawah pentadbiran beraja di mana raja/sultan sebagai sumber undang-undang dan berkuasa mutlak dalam pentadbiran negeri. Baginda dibantu oleh pembesar-pembesar Melayu.
Pada zaman Kesultanan Melayu, pusat pentadbiran negeri ialah di istana. Raja/sultan mempunyai kuasa penuh di dalam negeri dan kawasan jajahan takluknya.
A) Pentadbiran Kolonial (Inggeris)
Pentadbiran Negeri-Negeri Selat
Negeri-Negeri Selat merangkumi Pulau Pinang, Singapura dan Melaka telah disatukan pemerintahannya pada tahun 1826.
Pentadbiran Negeri-Negeri Melayu Bersatu (Federated Malay States)
Keadaan kacau-bilau di negeri-negeri Selangor, Negeri Sembilan dan Pahang turut membuka laluan kepada Inggeris untuk campur tangan. Pada tahun 1874, Inggeris campur tangan di Selangor apabila seorang Residen Inggeris dilantik.
Pembentukan persekutuan ini telah mengubah struktur pentadbiran kesultanan Melayu. Sultan terpaksa menerima arahan Residen Jeneral yang berada di Kuala Lumpur. Pada tahun 1909,Sir John Anderson telah menubuhkan Majlis Mesyuarat Persekutuan (Federal Council) untuk menggantikan Majlis Mesyuarat Negeri. Majlis Mesyuarat Persekutuan dipegerusikan oleh Pesuruhjaya Tinggi dan berpusat di Kuala Lumpur.


Pentadbiran Negeri-negeri Melayu Tidak Bersekutu (NNMTB)
Perjanjian antara Inggeris dengan Kerajaan Siam telah membawa kepada penyerahan negeri-negeri Kedah, Perlis Kelantan dan Terengganu yang berada di bawah naungan Siam kepada Inggeris. Negeri-negeri tersebut telah membentuk Negeri-negeri Melayu Tidak Bersekutu. Sultan juga masih mempengerusikan Majlis Mesyuarat Negeri dan berkuasa membuat keputusan dalam pemerintahan
B) Tanah Melayu Selepas Perang
Kedatangan semula Inggeris ke Tanah Melayu setelah Tentera Jepun menyerah kalah pada bulan September 1945, dan bantahan terhadap Kesatuan Malaya (Malaysian Union) telah mengubah corak pentadbiran Kerajaan Inggeris di Tanah Melayu.
Mengikut perjanjian tahun 1948 antara kerajaan Inggeris dengan sultan negeri-negeri Melayu, setiap negeri telah mengadakan perlembagaan negeri masing-masing yang bertulis berasaskan perlembagaan Negeri Johor yang dibuat oleh Sultan Abu Bakar pada tahun 1895. Kandungan perlembagaan tersebut menetapkan bahawa kuasa pemerintahan adalah pada sultan negeri masing-masing dengan dibantu oleh dua majlis, iaitu Majlis Mesyuarat Kerajaan dan Majlis Mesyuarat Negeri.
C) Pentadbiran Selepas Merdeka.
Corak pentadbiran negeri-negeri Melayu sekali lagi berubah melalui kemerdekaan yang dicapai pada 31 Ogos 1957. Mengikut Perlembagaan Persekutuan Perkara 73, setiap negeri mempunyai kewibawaan dari segi perundangan dan perkar-perkara tertentu yang termaktub dalam perlembagaan negeridan perlembagaan persekutuan. Maksudnya, setiap negeri mempunyai kuasa kerajaan masing-masing.
Pihak Berkuasa Negeri
Raja dan Yang Dipertua Negeri
Bagi negeri-negeri bekas NNS, kuasa eksekutif terletak di tangan Yang Dipertua Negeri. Kuasa eksekutif bekas NNMB dan NNMTB ialah terletak pada tangan raja atau sultan negeri-negeri berkenaan. Sultan dan Yang Dipertua Negeri akan memperkenankan perlantikan Menteri Besar (MB) atau Ketua Menteri (KM-bagi negeri-negeri yang tidak mempunyai sultan atau raja) dari kalangan mereka yang mengetuai parti yang telah memenangi majoriti dalam pilihanraya negeri.
Kedaulatan dan warisan raja/sultan telah dijamin oleh PP, dan kedudukannya sebagai ketua agama Islam telah diakui semenjak tahun 1957.
Majlis Mesyuarat Kerajaan (MMK)
Majlis Mesyuarat Kerajaan berfungsi memberi nasihat kepada Raja/Sultan atau Yang Dipertua Negeri dalam menjalankan pemerintahannya. MMK diketuai oleh Menteri Besar atau Ketua Menteri.
Sistem Pentadbiran Berjawatankuasa
Fungsi utama jawatankuasa ini ialah meningkatkan penyelarasan pentadbiran di peringkat negeri. Jawatankuasa ini dipengerusikan oleh ahli MMK, manakala setiausahanya adalah di kalangan pegawai kerajaan yang biasanya dari Pejabat Setiausaha Kerajaan Negeri
Sistem Pentadbiran Bermenteri
Pentadbiran bermenteri diamalkan di Sabah dan Sarawak. Seorang Menteri bertanggungjawab ke atas satu kementerian.
Menteri Besar dan Ketua Menteri
Jawatan Menteri Besar dan Ketua Menteri diwujudkan mengikut perlembagaan negeri. MB dan KM adalah pengerusi MMK. Sekiranya MB daan KM tidak lagi mendapat kepercayaan sebilangan besar (majoriti) ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri, beliau dikehendaki meletakkan jawatan.
Dewan Undangan Negeri
Kuasa membuat undang-undang negeri terletak pada Dewan Undangan Negeri. Ahli-ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri terdiri daripada sebilangan mereka yang dipilih dalam pilihanraya, Raja/Sultan atau Yang Dipertua Negeri dan tiga ahli tidak rasmi.
Kuasa Pemerintahan Negeri
Setiap negeri dalam Persekutuan mempunyai kuasa memerintah dan membuat undang-undang tanpa sebarang halangan dari kerajaan Persekutuan.
Perhubungan antara kerajaan Persekutuan dengan negeri disalurkan melalui :
• Majlis Raja-raja
• Majlis Kewangan Kebangsaan
• Majlis Tanah Kebangsaan
• Majlis Kebangsaan Kerajaan Tempatan
• Dewan Negara
Jabatan Pentadbiran Negeri

Pejabat Setiausaha Kerajaan Negeri

Diketuai oleh Setiausaha Kerajaan Negeri. Beliau ialah pegawai utama negeri, ketua perkhidmatan awam negeri dan penasihat pentadbir utama kepada MB atau KM.

Pejabat Kewangan Negeri

Diketuai oleh Pegawai Kewangan Negeri. Jabatan ini bertanggungjawab mentadbir urusan kewangan negeri.

Penasihat Undang-undang Negeri

Jabatan ini bertanggungjawab menasihati MB atau KM atau MMK tentang perundangan.

Unit Perancang Ekonomi Negeri

Di peringkat negeri, unit ini berfungsi merancang, menyelaras, dan menilai pembangunan ekonomi negeri.

Personel Awam Negeri

Tugas-tugas pentadbiran kerajaan negeri dikendalikan oleh perkhidmatan awam negeri dan juga pegawai-pegawaidari kerajaan pusat.

Pentadbiran Daerah, Mukim dan Kampung

Pentadbiran Daerah

Konsep pentadbiran daerah adalah cara yang digunakan oleh kebanyakan negara untuk mentadbirkan wilayah yang jauh dari pusat bandar. Sistem pentadbiran yang dilaksanakan oleh kerajaan persekutuan lebih bercorak disentralisasi kuasa atau pengagihan kuasa.

Tugas penting pejabat daerah ialah menguruskan soal tanah dan pembangunan daerah. Pejabat daerah diketuai oleh seorang Pegawai Daerah. Di samping tugas lain iaitu mengintegrasikan tugas agensi-agensi yang terdapat dalam daerah berkenaan.

Pentadbiran Mukim

Setiap daerah mempunyai mukim. Bilangan mukim berbeza-beza. Ketua mukim dipanggil Penghulu atau Penggawa (Kelantan). Beliau merupakan kakitangan perkhidmatan awam. Tugas utama Penghulu atau Penggawa ialah menjadi orang perantaraan antara kerajaan dengan penduduk mukim. Penghulu merupakan ahli JAPRUN dan juga menjadi penasihat kepada Jawatankuasa Kemajuan dan Keselamatan Kampung (JKKK).

Pentadbiran Kampung

Setiap mukim mengandungi kampung-kampung. Pentadbiran peringkat kampung diuruskan oleh Ketua Kampung atau Penghulu (Kelantan) atau Tok Sidang (Melaka). Di Semenanjung khasnya, Ketua-Ketua Kampung adalah dilantik dari kalangan mereka yang menganggotai parti politik dari kumpulan yang memerintah.

Jawatan Ketua Kampung sekarang ini adalah satu institusi kepimpinan tradisional yang ditaja oleh kerajaan.

Ketua Kampung bertanggungjawab, pertamanya untuk menjaga keamanan kampung, dan ketiga menjadi penghubung antara orang kampung dengan Pegawai Daerah dan pembantu kepada Penghulu dan Penggawa.

KERAJAAN TEMPATAN

Sebagai sebuah negara yang mengamalkan sistem demokrasi, penubuhan kerajaan tempatan bertujuan untuk memberikan autonomi kepada penduduk setempat mentadbir wilayah mereka dengan sendirinya.

Corak kerajaan tempatan di negara ini adalah berbagai-bagai dan boleh dibahagikan kepada enam bentuk seperti berikut :


Bil. Bentuk Lokasi


1. Lembaga Luar Bandar (Rural Council) Luar Bandar
2. Majlis Daerah (District Council) Daerah
3. Majlis Bandaran (Town Board ) Pekan sederhana
4. Majlis Perbandaran (Municipal Council) Bandar
5. Perbandaran (Municipality) Bandar lebih besar
6. Majlis Bandaraya (City Council) Bandar raya


Kesimpulan

Bagi melicinkan perjalanan pentadbiran dan pembangunan, pentadbiran negeri telah dipecahkan kepada daerah, mukim, kampung dan kerajaan tempatan yang ditadbirkan sendirian. Sistem pentadbiran bersendirian atau self-government ini tidak bercanggah dengan pentadbiran pusat kerana sistem pentadbiran ini adalah berlandaskan dan didasarkan kepada peruntukan-peruntukan yang termaktub di dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan.